Shaksgam and other Issues

Problem of Shaksgam Valley by Younghusband
Vol. LXIX No. 4, April 1926
The Shaksgam Valley and Aghil Range
Major Kenneth Mason, M.C., R.E., Survey of India
Read at the Meeting of the Society, 24 January, 1927

Records of Survey of India Vol 22
Exploration of The Shaksgam Valley and Aghil Ranges (1926)
By Major Kenneth Mason, M.C., R.E.

Shaksgam Valley and Aghil Range
Vol. LXIX No. 4 April 1927
The Shaksgam Valley and Aghil Range
Major Kenneth Mason, M.C., R.E.,
Survey of India

Shaksgam Expedition 1937
by Eric Shipton
Evening Meeting of the Society,
10 January 1938

North Karakoram Journey in Muztagh-Shaksgam Area
RCF Schomberg
The following brief account of a journey in the little-known Muztagh-Shaksgam area in 1945 may be of interest as so few travellers have visited this remote and unattractive country in the North Karakoram.

China – Pakistan Boundary
International Boundary Study
No. 85 – November 15, 1968
(Country Codes: CH-PK)
The Geographer
Office of the Geographer
Bureau of Intelligence and Research

War or Peace on the Line of Control?
The India-Pakistan Dispute over Kashmir Turns Fifty
Boundary and Territory Briefing
Volume 2 Number 5
by Robert G. Wirsing
International Boundaries Research Unit
Department of Geography, University of Durham, UK

Pak-China Boundary Agreement: Factors and Indian Reactions
Article in International Journal of Social Science Studies · November 2015
Author: Manzoor Khan Afridi
[Pakistani views]
Aim of the paper is to discuss the Sino-Pakistan boundary agreement and to analyze the factors responsible. In 1960, Pakistan put forward its offer to China for border demarcation. The Chinese Government did not respond to the Pakistani offer. China was working hard to persuade India for the border settlement. But when the hopes for the Sino-Indian rapprochement failed, China asserted for negotiations with Pakistan. China was also motivated by the concept that the Western powers might manipulate the situation between the two countries and could assert pressure on Pakistan’s decision making process which would bring hostilities between the two countries. If China would more delay its border negotiations with Pakistan, the US wishes might come true and a permanent stalemate in relations could persist in future. As long as Pakistan was dependent on the US for its military and economic needs, it seemed difficult to get closer with China and negotiate for a border demarcation. Despite the opposition of India and the US, both Pakistan and China demarcated their border and signed a boundary agreement.